Most of us will be tempted to try a cigarette at some time. We
see advertisements which make tobacco seem good, we see people
we like smoking on television. Sometimes our friends try and persuade
us to have one. On the other hand health experts tell us they
are dangerous, ex-smokers are relieved to have kicked the habit
and many smokers wish they'd never started. So what are the facts
The Facts and Figures
Northern Ireland around 2,500 deaths each year are caused by
diseases related to smoking. This presents one in every six
of the total number of deaths here, or six deaths every single
causes 80.3% of lung cancer deaths. The younger people start
smoking the greater the risk but this reduces if you stop.
causes 18.5% of ischaemic heart disease deaths. The risk of
having a heart attack is two or three times greater for a smoker
than a non-smoker.
causes 75.8% of deaths from chronic obstructive airways disease.
The gradual narrowing of the airways and reduced protection
in the lining of the lungs leads to difficult and painful breathing.
is killing more people than illegal drug use, road traffic accidents,
suicides, the 'troubles' and AIDS combined.
cost to the Health and Personal Social Services in Northern
Ireland is more than £17 million each year.
costs industry in Northern Ireland around one million lost working
days each year. On average, smokers will take twice as many
days off as non-smokers.
Germany 10.1% of girls and 10.2% of boys smoke daily at the
age of 13. By the age of 15 28.7% of girls and 26.3% of boys
Germany, from a representitive section of the population in
2001 between the ages of 12 and 25, 38% of males and 37% of
Iceland in 2003, 21.9% of people between 16 and 89 smoked. 24.9%
were male and 19.2% were female.
survey of Spanish teenagers between the age of 14 and 18 showed
that 28.8% had used tobacco in the last 30 days. 33.1% of females
and 24.2% had used tobacco in the last 30 days.
Spain the average age for a person to start smoking is 13.1
of Spanish student smokers have thought about giving up, but
only 42.3% have actually tried.
more information go to http://www.nisra.gov.uk/
What's in a Cigarette?
Tobacco smoke contains around 4,000 chemicals, many of which
are known to be harmful.
A powerful drug which affects the brain and quickly becomes
A sticky brown substance that forms when tobacco cools and condenses.
This collects in the lungs and can then cause cancer.
Monoxide: A gas that is released from burning tobacco. When
it is inhaled it enters the bloodstream and interferes with
the working of the heart and blood vessles. Up to 15% of a smoker's
blood can be carrying carbon monoxide around the body instead
substances in tobacco include Acetone (used in paint stripper),
Ammonia (used in cleaning agents), Arsenic (a poison), Butane
(lighter fuel), DDT (insecticide), Hydrogen cyanide (used as a
method of execution in the USA), Lead, Methanol (rocket fuel),
Polonium - 210 (radioactive fallout), Radon (radioactive gas)
and Sulphuric Acid.
The Effects of Smoking
from the serious risk to health smoking makes breath, skin and
stains teeth and affects the senses of taste and smell.
quickly a 'smokers cough' can develop caused by an increase
can affect the skin leading to premature ageing.
spend a lot of money on supporting their habit.
People around Smokers:
become passive smokers. Smokers only inhale 15% of the smoke
from their cigarettes, that leaves 85% in the surrounding air
for other people to breath in.
smoking can increase the risk of lung cancer in non-smokers
by between 10% and 15%.
and exhaled smoke in the air can cause eye, nose, throat and
chest irritation, headaches, nausea and dizziness.
people with asthma or allergies their condition may be made
women, babies and young children are particularly at risk of
you're ready to give up smoking, click
here for some advice...